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Full text of "Raw Thought [pdf]"

2010 Review of Books 

Previously: 2009 , 2008 , 2007 , 2006 

Unlinked means I recommend against getting it. Linked and italicized means it's actively recommended. Linked but not italicized is somewhere in between. The 
ordering is not entirely accurate. 

Secrets by Daniel Ellsberg 

A fantastic book. Ellsberg turns out to be an incredible writer and he tells not only his own incredible story of the fight to release the Pentagon Papers (did you 
know the New York Times actually stole them from his house?), but, even more interestingly, recounts a great deal of fascinating personal experience about what 
it was like working with McNamara and Kissinger and trying to maintain your sanity in the highest levels of government. 

With the WikiLeaks cables in the news, this book is more relevant than ever. And personally, I can't wait until Ellsberg's next book, The American Doomsday 
Machine, comes out. ( Here's an excerpt from back when he planned to publish it online; since then Bloomsbury snapped it up .) 

Also, be sure to check out these comments from Davies and Galbraith. 

Bright-Sided by Barbara Ehrenreich 

A principled opposition to positive thinking has always been a common Ehrenreich theme and here she expands it to book-length, delivering exactly what you'd 
expect. The good news is that it's trenchant and witty, the bad news is that if you read a lot of Ehrenreich you probably know just what's coming. 

Scientist in the Crib by Allison Gopnik, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Patricia K. Kuhl 

Gopnik et al. summarize the findings of their wave of infant research — namely that infants are trying to puzzle things out through experiments rather than just 
sitting there waiting for their brains to grow. Gopnik, as you'd expect, is a good writer, but their attempts to link their research with philosophy are a bit strained 
and the research is still weak enough that the book doesn't quite feel like it pays off the title. 

Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely 

Everybody's reading it, but that doesn't mean you have to. A collection of fairly mundane behavioral psychology experiments. If you're really so deluded as to 
believe people aren't predictably irrational, it's not clear to me how a mere book could possibly help you. 

A Bee Stung Me So I Killed All The Fish [PDF] by George Saunders 

I love Saunders. I read pretty much everything he's written this year. This collection features some of his sillier pieces. 

The Braindead Megaphone by George Saunders 

Saunders is great, but he hasn't quite honed his nonfiction talents the way he has with his fiction. Some fantastic pieces, some fascinating ones, and some that 
don't quite work. 

Prince of the Marshes by Rory Stewart 

I occasionally have this fantasy, while reading the news, that whatever person I'm reading about has been fired and, through some miraculous fluke, I have been 
given their job. Would I make a hash of it? Or, would by naive mind and outsider's expertise allow me to do it in a fascinating new way? 

In this book, Rory Stewart describes what happened when he was made a colonial governor of a province in Iraq. Brilliant fellow that he is, he does a remarkably 
good job all things considered, but also writes a questioning, soul-searching, fascinating book about the experience that highlights what an impossible task it 
really is. 

False Profits: Recovering from the Bubble Economy by Dean Baker 

A short, clear book on why the economy failed, who did it, and how to set it right by someone who was absolutely right about it all along. If you only want to read 
one book about the economic crisis, this would be an excellent choice. 

The Accidental Theorist by Paul Krugman 

A collection of Krugman's columns for Slate. It was before he really came off his neoliberal high, but after he learned to write, so while they're not always right 
they're almost always delightful (and Slate gave him a lot more freedom to be playful than the Times does). A very fun book about a wide range of issues in 
economics. (Here's a nice review from Brad DeLong.) 

The Political Brain by Drew Westen 

A decent book that could have been great if it had a real editor. There are really three things in here: 1 ) some fantastic examples of what Democrats should say if 
they have any spine (they're the kind of political propaganda Lakoff would write if Lakoff could write political propaganda), 2) some pretty bogus fMRI experiments 
to give the text in (1) the illusion of being backed in hard science, 3) several hundred pages of pointless rambling and repetition. If only an editor could have at 
least removed (3). 

Get Out The Vote by Donald Green and Alan Gerber 



Every year, thousands of Americans head out onto the streets to knock on their neighbors' doors and remind them to vote. Does any of it have any effect? Green 
and Gerber had the bright idea of running an experiment to see: Randomize the houses and ask the canvassers to knock on half of them and ignore the other 
half. Then, check the voting records (which are public) to see how many people in each group voted. The difference can tell you if you made a difference. 

This brilliant idea sparked a whole field of experimental research about getting out the vote, which Green and Gerber summarize in this short book, aimed at 
some mix of scientists and political professionals. 

Eating the Dinosaur by Chuck Klosterman 

Absolutely fantastic. Could hardly put it down. Chuck Klosterman is definitely in the running for greatest living essayist. The book is a collection of essays, but not, 
as far as I can tell, essays that were ever published anywhere else. They're each just magical gems that fit together just perfectly. I even liked the stuff about 
football (and I've never seen a game of football). 

I liked this so much I went on to read all his other books in reverse chronological order: 

Chuck Klosterman IV by Chuck Klosterman 

Great, but not quite as great. 

Killing Yourself in Order to Live by Chuck Klosterman 

Merely interesting. 

Sex, Drugs, and Cocoa Puffs by Chuck Klosterman 

Pretty good. 

But I could not read either Downtown Owl (his novel) or Fargo Rock City. The rest I couldn't put down. I guess start with Eating the Dinosaur and see how far you 
get. 

Doubt is Their Product by David Michaels 

There are a vast array of government agencies, like the EPA and OSHA, whose job is to protect Americans by examining the science and outlawing things that 
hurt people. But what if the bad guys get to make up the science? David Michaels examines the whole industry of scientists-for-hire that try to manufacture doubt 
about the harms that big business commits. The title comes from a tobacco company memo and the tobacco companies are infamous for trying to shed doubt on 
the studies attacking their products, but the tactics they invented have now spread to every little chemical additive. 

Michaels is now head of OSHA. On the one hand, it's great that such a corporate critic has such an influential position. On the other hand, this book is written in 
the style you'd expect from someone who could become head of OSHA: it's cautious, not polemical, and obsessed with proving the details, rather than the bigger 
picture. 

Why Not Socialism? by G.A. Cohen 

A great little book from the late philosopher Jerry Cohen. Not quite as great as his comments about the shmoos , but a wonderful (and, sadly, all too rare) attempt 
to get people thinking about what socialism really means and whether it would be practical. 

Free Schools by Jonathan Kozol 

An angry little book not about how bad the school system is, like Kozol's usual beat, but about the people trying to change it. Both the folks, like Kozol, going into 
the inner city and trying to start new schools and the others running away to the land to frolic in freedom. Certainly a time capsule from the 1970s, but a 
fascinating one. 

Making Movies by Sidney Lumet 

A fairly self-absorbed book about what it means to make a movie. Some decent details about the practicalities in here, but mixed in with a lot of random musing 
and personal reflection. 

The Persistence of Poverty by Charles Karelis 

I feel like I've written so much about this book, but none of it appears to have made it to this blog. A great little book, just enough to explain one big idea and how 
it overturns what you think about classical economics and poverty and much else besides. Here's a quick bit from Matt Yglesias on it. 

Caught Between Two Worlds: The Diary of a Lowell Mill Girl 

Mill by David Macaulay 

I don't understand why everyone loves Macaulay so. 

Belles of New England 

The Industrial Worker by Norman Ware 



A fascinating history about how mill girls and shoemakers invented socialism and fought for it in the early days of the republic, before Jefferson's dream of 
independent men was crushed by the onslaught of industrialization. 

Acme Novelty Library, #19 by Chris Ware 

Chris Ware is magic. This book consists mostly of a chapter from the work-in-progress Rusty Brown, which I was initially skeptical about, but turns out to be just 
amazingly great. And Building Stories is incredible too. 

Ware's method is to publish a page each week or so in a weekly paper (the Sunday New York Times, the Chicago Reader), then redraw the entire chapter and 
send it out as an edition of the Novelty Library, then redraw it a third time when the entire book is published. So this is a way of getting intermediate results, but 
you could just wait for the final books themselves (if they are ever finished). 

The Art of Lobbying by Bertram Levine 

A guide by a practitioner, for practitioners. Not great, but you can pick up a little bit of the flavor of the job from reading what the insiders say. 

Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization by John Searle 

Brilliant. My review is here . 

The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger by Wilkinson and Pickett 

Not as good as I was hoping, but still a compelling case for equality with a vast array of data. 

Women at Work 

Loom and Spindle by Harriet Jane Hanson Robinson 

A fantastic memoir of a fantastic time. Shows how radical even the moderate mill girls were. 

Priceless: The Myth of Fair Value and How to Take Advantage of It by William Poundstone 

Poundstone is one of the great science writers of all time. Here he takes on behavioral economics at the very top of his game. Full of fascinating ideas. 

Influence by Robert Cialdini 

Covers the usual results of the science on persuasion in a decent and clear way. 

Education and the Cult of Efficiency by Raymond E. Callahan 

Proof that business has been trying to take over education for over a century. 

On Writing by Stephen King 

Nothing earth-shattering, but it turns out Stephen King is actually a good writer. I honestly had no idea. 

Schooling in Capitalist America (reread) by Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis 

The best book on the real meaning of school. 

Becoming Attached (reread) by Robert Karen 

One of my favorite books of all time. Probably the best work of science writing I've ever read. 

Moral Politics (reread) by George Lakoff 

The best book on American politics. 

Unconditional Parenting (reread) by Alfie Kohn 

How Children Fail (reread) by John Holt 

An amazing book on education. 

The Lobbyists by Jeffrey Birnbaum 

Dumbing Us Down by John Taylor Gatto 

Winning Your Election the Wellstone Way by Jeff Blodgett and Bill Lofy and others 

Really just a more-detailed version of Politics the Wellstone Way. 

Bonfire of the Vanities by Tom Wolfe 



Absolutely fantastic. A rare must-read novel — packed full of information about society, journalism, activism, race, etc. I can't convey just how good it really is. It's 
like The Power Broker of fiction. 

The Checklist Manifesto by Atul Gawande 

Not a bad book by any means, but its constrained focus means it's not quite as thrilling as Gawande's other books. It ends up mostly being a series of stories 
about how great checklists can be. Checklists are interesting, but they're a very small piece of the institutional change that this book should really be about. You 
get a few hints at other pieces through the well-researched examples, but they're only hints. 

The Revisionists Revised by Diane Ravitch 

Eminently skimmable — Ravitch barely even tries to mount an argument. Instead she just sort of fumes for a hundred pages or so at the radical scholars who 
dared to point out the invention of school wasn't so nobly motivated. Well, she's come a long way — now she's basically one of them. ( See this piece on her 
reversal .) 

Free at Last: The Sudbury Valley School by Daniel Greenberg 

Sudbury has some aspects of magic and nothing conveys them better than this book. 

Learning all the Time by John Holt 

Political Polling by Jeffrey Stonecash 

Has some decent stuff on the business side of things — how to write polling reports and get clients and so on. 

The Big Short by Michael Lewis 

Oh, what to say about this book? It's well-written, as you'd expect, though no knockout. It tells a fascinating story about some aspects of the crisis, but goes far 
from unravelling the whole thing. 

How to Win Friends and Influence People (reread) by Dale Carnegie 

There's a reason this is a classic. It articulates a way of dealing with people, founded on concern and empathy, and convincingly argues that this kind style is 
actually the more productive one for getting things done. Instead of yelling at people to do things, you make them want to help you. And the book itself is a genius 
exemplar of this practice. Instead of berating you for being a jerk, like most people would, it persuades you to want to change. 

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot 

Everyone has praised this book, and for good reason — it deftly interweaves an incredible story of science with the heartbreaking tragedy of the people science 
studies. Nothing earthshattering, but a great piece of writing. 

The Design of Design by Fred Brooks 

No deep lasting insights, but it is fascinating to watch Brooks struggle with these questions and it helps you struggle as well. 

[REDACTED] 

The Case Against Standardized Tests by Alfie Kohn 

If you need more reasons to hate standardized tests, this book is full of them. 

When You Were a Tadpole and I Was a Fish by Martin Gardner 

In memoriam. In the same way that the spirit of Lenny Bruce passed through Bill Hicks and now Louis CK, the ghost of Feynman passed to Martin Gardner. His 
wit and curiosity, combined with a gift for explanation, did more than almost anyone to promote a genuine appreciation for math and science. This essay 
collection was his last book. (Although I'm sure many, many more will come posthumously.) 

Class War?: What Americans Really Think about Economic Inequality by Benjamin Page and Lawrence Jacobs 

If the state of politics gets you down about your fellow man, this well-researched scientific book will persuade you that even Americans are egalitarians at heart. 

Getting to Yes by Roger Fisher and William Ury 

This book is full of alternate strategies to try, but has very little on the key negotiation question of what to do about distributing the surplus. 

Expert Political Judgment by Philip Tetlock 

This book is kind of a bore to read, but the story it tells is fascinating, so just read Louis Menand's summary instead. 

101 Things I Learned in Business School by Michael W. Preis with Matthew Frederick 

A sweet, short book with cute pictures. Smart idea for a series. 

The Way We Were? [ online ] by Richard Rothstein 



A fantastic debunking of the "kids were so much smarter back then" myth. 

The Matthew Effect by Daniel Rigney 

Short and unmemorable. 

Taking Economic Seriously by Dean Baker 

A nice little summary of Dean's big ideas. 

The Meaning of David Cameron by Richard Seymour 

A short book on what's happened to British politics from a radical perspective. 

Managing, to Change the World by Allison Green and Jerry Hauser 

The best book on the practicalities of management I've ever read. Whereas most books focus on vague and meaningless advice, this book is clear about the nuts 
and bolts. 

Workers in a Labyrinth by Robert Jackall 

Not as great as my favorite book of all-time, Jackall's Moral Mazes, but a fascinating look at how normal people make sense of their daily work lives. 

Disconnect by Morris Fiorina 

Fiorina has no idea what he's talking about in this one; it's completely ridiculous. There was a long period in American politics where, to prevent blacks from 
voting, southern whites excluded blacks from the Democratic party primary and then always voted for the Democratic nominee in the general. Blacks could legally 
vote, but only in the general, when it didn't make any difference. 

The result was that a whole lot of racist, conservative politicians ended up in the Democratic Party and so politics appeared less polarized — there were 
conservatives Democrats (and some liberal Republicans) and the conservatives and the liberals could work "across party lines" to get things done. 

Eventually the Supreme Court outlawed this noxious practice and the south started sending Republicans to Congress instead. That led to the conservatives 
leaving the Democratic party (and then the liberal Republicans getting kicked out too) and now when liberals or conservatives all work together, they only need to 
do so within one party. The result is what appears to be an increase in party polarization. Instead of a couple Democratic liberals and a couple Republican liberals 
writing a bill, you just get a bunch of Democratic liberals writing a bill. 

This is such an obvious explanation and MoFi does his best to ignore it, looking everywhere but the obvious place so he can wonder about the dangers of 
polarization. 

The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (1 of 3) by Stieg Larsson 

This book has no deep point to make, Nora Ephron has ably chronicled its stylistic oddities , and the plot is more bizarre than compelling. Yet I couldn't put it 
down. Indeed, I dare say I enjoyed it. 

The Girl who Played with Fire (2 of 3) by Stieg Larsson 

The Girl who Kicked Over the Hornet's Nest (3 of 3) by Stieg Larsson 

These two tell a different, and in some ways more interesting story than the first one, but it's not enough to change my fundamental evaluation. 

However, I do much prefer the original titles, which translate roughly to: Men Who Hate Women, The Girl Who Played with Fire, and The Exploding Social Safety 
Net. I guess it's nice when that sort of thing can be a bestseller. 

The Possessed: Adventures with Russian Books and the People Who Read Them by Elif Batuman 

Hilarious, brilliant, fantastic. There's no justification for this book being as good as it is. Even I wasn't interested in reading a book about Russian literary scholars, 
but it's just incredible good and I'm glad I did. 

This is Your Country on Drugs by Ryan Grim 

I would not have thought the world needed another book on drugs, but this one turns out to be basically perfect. Comprehensive, erudite, funny, and realistic — 
Grim definitely inhales. 

Scott Pilgrim's Precious Little Life (1 of 6) by Bryan Lee O'Malley 

Scott Pilgrim's Finest Hour (6 of 6) by Bryan Lee O'Malley 

You should definitely see the movie and then, if you do see it, it's worth reading the books. The books are much deeper and darker than the movie otherwise lets 
on. You realize that the film you saw as an example of joy and exuberance is actually incredibly depressing. 

By contrast, we will just forget that someone made a movie of Bonfire of the Vanities. Yeek. 

Rework by Jason Fried and David Heinemeier Hansson 



Delivering Happiness by Tony Hsieh 

This book is more the story of Hsieh's insane journey toward creating Zappos than the business advice book it looks like, but that's OK because it's an incredible 
story and Hsieh's exuberant retelling makes it impossible to put down. 

Meta Math! by Gregory Chaitin 

Chaitin makes an obscure field you've never heard of like Algorithmic Information Theory sound interesting and fun, even if you don't know any math. 

Philosophy in a New Century by John Searle 

A collection of some great essays by Searle. 

The Essential Drucker by Peter Drucker 

Drucker sounds like the kind of person I should like, but I've never actually liked him. 

Socks by Beverly Cleary 

Ramona the Brave by Beverly Cleary 

I read these to the seven-year-old, at her insistence. They weren't great, but they were at least tolerable, unlike some of the other stuff she likes. 

XKCD, vol. by Randall Munroe 

You no doubt already read xkcd online. Yet apparently many people also bought this paper copy. And they said print was dead! 

The Promise: President Obama, Year One by Jonathan Alter 

No great revelations, but it is shocking how little actual thought goes on in the Obama White House. 

Microeconomics by Samuel Bowles 

A textbook that totally upends the field of classical economics. Sadly, it can be a bit hard to follow, but I wrote summaries of it here . 

All Art is Propaganda: Critical Essays by George Orwell (with introduction by Keith Gessen) 

Orwell is magic. 

Toyota Production System by Taiichi Ohno 

It's hard to find a better book that describes what lean production, in its original sense, is all about than this translated work from its creator. I hope that Ohno one 
day gets the recognition he deserves: as one of the world's first pioneers in what is undoubtedly the greatest human art form (with sex running a close second). 

Freedom by Jonathan Franzen 

Flashes of greatness mixed with strings of ridiculousness. (This is Franzen's Great American Novel, in case you hadn't heard.) Could have been truly great if 
Franzen had a great editor, but instead all his indulgences were left in. It's certainly no competition for DFW. (Sorry, Franzen!) 

The Machine that Changed the World: The Story of Lean Production — Toyota's Secret Weapon in the Global Car Wars That Is Now Revolutionizing World 
Industry by James P. Womack, Daniel T. Jones, and Daniel Roos 

Not bad, but feels a bit like reading a book by a bunch of blind men trying to explain the elephant charging toward them. 

Conscience of a Liberal by Paul Krugman 

Did I really read this book? I don't remember it at all. 

How to Become a Scandal by Laura Kipnis 

Kipnis' writing is fun, as always, but there's no real insight here. 

Poisoned for Pennies: The Economics of Toxics and Precaution by Frank Ackerman 

A fantastic book on the serious trouble with using mathematical cost-benefit analyses to try to decide when to protect the environment. 

Exit, Voice, and Loyalty by Albert O. Hirschman 

A disappointment. Perhaps all its insights have become common knowledge since then. 

REDACTED 

Beyond the Hoax by Alan Sokal 



Alan Sokal returns again with a book collecting and integrating his papers on the philosophy of science (although there is still some repetition). Sokal's clear 
thinking on difficult philosophical issues is always appreciated, but this time around I'm convinced that he's wrong about the Edinburgh set . The rest of it is great, 
though, especially if you haven't read it before. (There's also some good newish stuff too, including some stuff about Prophets Facing Backward.) 

Dancinp in the Streets: A History of Collective Joy by Barbara Ehrenreich 

Ehrenreich makes a convincing case for the ecstatic tradition in American life. My only regret is that it lacks a chapter on raves. 

The Mind-Body Problem by Rebecca Goldstein 

A nice book about the problem with marrying a genius. See also: the film Whatever Works. 

REDACTED 

The $12 Million Stuffed Shark: The Curious Economics of Contemporary Art by Don Thompson 

This is another book about a weird subject that goes into too much detail. Thompson gives a decent overview of the art market, but then spends too much time 
getting into obscure detail about the people involved. Modern art sure is weird, though. 

The Cartoon Introduction to Economics by Grady Klein and Yoram Bauman 

Funny (especially the intro) and some basic economics, but nothing stupendous on either front. 

When Brute Force Fails by Mark A. R. Kleiman 

A fantastic book. More gushing in my review . 

Money for Nothing by John Gillespie and David Zweig 

A quick read on why corporate boards suck so very much. 

Ha'Penny (2 of 3) by Jo Walton 

Half a Crown (3 of 3) by Jo Walton 

A good fun detective story combined with interesting speculative fiction. (I read the first book, Farthing, years ago.) 

Reason and Rationality by Jon Elster 

Very, very short. 

An Object of Beauty by Steve Martin 

More on the art market. Martin is not a bad novelist, considering everything else he is, but I doubt I would have read the book if it had a different author's name on 
the cover. 

Shopgirl by Steve Martin 

Turns out to be basically the same book, except much creepier since you realize Martin's basically just using the book to work through his guilt about screwing 
over younger women. 

Good to Great by Jim Collins 

Most business books consist of a bunch of wacky ideas dressed up with even wackier names and presented as the Next Big Thing. Jim Collins greatly improves 
the genre, by replacing the wacky ideas with actual science. (Unfortunately, he continues the tradition of wacky names.) 

Collins and his team picked out all Fortune 500 companies that sustained 4x market returns for more than 1 5 years (the great companies) and went back to find 
the transition point where they went from earning normal-market returns to their 4x returns. Then they found the most similar company at that transition point and 
used it as a control. They examined what differed between the great companies and the controls and describe it here. Of course, you have to trust Collins to pick 
out the right lessons, but the ones he chooses seem like very good ones. 

Good to Great and the Social Sector by Jim Collins 

A short little appendix describing how to apply these principles to non-profits. 

Built to Last by Jim Collins and Jerry Porras 

This book is very similar to Good to Great except it uses even worse science and even worse names. (Clock building? Really? Can't we just call it institution 
building?) Just read Good to Great — the important stuff from this book is presented in its last chapter anyway. 

Beyond Entrepreneurship by Jim Collins and William C. Lazier 

This book has pretty much no science (although fewer silly names as well). It's just a lazier version of Built to Last. 



You Lost Me There by Rosencrans Baldwin 

I knew Rosencrans had a novel out, but I was shocked to see it at the checkout counter. But it's great! 

Bigfoot: I Not Dead by Graham Roumieu 

Not funny. 

The Thick of It: The Missing DoSAC Files by the writers of The Thick of It 

Not that funny. (The Thick of It is one of the top 5 great TV shows of all-time, though.) 

The Lifecycle of Software Objects [ online ] by Ted Chiang 

Read it! Even people who know much more about sci-fi than me agree this is one of the great science fiction books of all time. It's a novel about the ethical issues 
with Al. 

Dr. Horrible and Other Horrible Stories by Zack Whedon 

Definitely funny, though not as great as the show. 

Wrestling With Moses by Anthony Flint 

A decent attempt at a biography of Jane Jacobs, though I would have wanted more detail on how she actually did what she did. Caro he is not — either in writing 
or research. 

Short: Walking Tall When You're Not Tall At All by John Schwartz 

Surely you've heard about the studies showing short people don't make as much as tall people. John Schwartz set out to write a book to cheer kids up about this 
fact, but looking into them he found it wasn't a fact at all. The result is a model of self-help through science and media criticism. Schwartz playfully teaches you 
enough math and science to be able to debunk the studies and enough personal advice to make a life on your own terms. 

Disclosures: I know Rory Stewart, Dean Baker, John Schwartz, Ryan Grim, Randall Munroe, and Charles Karelis. Baker and Karelis provided me with free 
copies. Ryan Grim and John Schwartz have written about me in other forums. 

In the future, I think I should probably do this monthly instead of one huge yearly installment. 

You should follow me on twitter here . 

January 3, 201 1